Scholastic philosophy, which taught the reconciliation of faith and reason, was yet another part of the rejuvenating twelve-century Renaissance. Scholasticism was taught at universities, where the students were taught to compare texts for a deeper understanding of them. The texts of Aristotle were also made more available through scholasticism. There were two theologies to the Scholastics: the first was positive theology, where the Bible is the Word of God, without question. The second theology is Speculative Theology, which teaches that faith is consistent with reason and through reason we can discover more about the Faith and God.
Peter Abelard (1079 – 1142) was a French Scholastic philosopher, theologian, logician and composer. He wrote the rhetorical book Sic et Non which discusses various philosophical topics. Abelard also helped establish Aristotle’s unpopular theories and works as a philosophical standard and authority.
However, the most famous Scholastic philosopher was St. Thomas Aquinas, who lived from 1225 to 1274. But that is for next time… click here.