This essay was a test I did in 2011 ( I was eleven years old), for my english and history classes combined. I received one hundred percent. As you will probably tell, I write a lot better now, however because I used pre-writing I did a good job. I have not altered any of the content or the writing style. This is the original. Enjoy!
Ikhnaton was the most incredible pharaoh of Egypt, because of his intention of establishing monotheism, the worship of one god alone. Egypt at that time worshiped many gods. The result of Ikhnaton’s doings began an uproar in Egyptian life.
Ikhnaton ruled in 1300 B.C. after his father, Amenhotep III. He changed his name from Amenhotep IV to Ikhnaton. He was supported in his efforts to establish monotheism by Nefertiti, his strong willed wife. In Egypt the main god they worshiped was Amon Ra. The priests that worshiped him were evicted and all temples destroyed. Ikhnaton started the worship of Aton Ra, the sun god, instead.
In order to create a different atmosphere for the people to begin their new life he built a new capital city, Amarna. It was a three mile wide, eight mile long city. In it he built new temples. The city was shining gold and ivory situated in the middle of a dry, dusty and barren desert. This was a perfect place for the people to start life anew. Ikhnaton claimed that he was the only priest, unlike his father, who gave the priests a lot of power.
Amenhotep III conquered by giving the other kings gold that he obtained in Nubia, because he despised fighting and killing. He was a diplomatic pharaoh and wrote letters to the neighboring countries in the area of Mesopotamia, in cuneiform writing. His wife, Ti, was a Nubian and a strong woman, like her daughter in law, Nefertiti. Amenhotep built the temple of Luxor, a huge temple dedicated to Amon. In his reign the Egyptians worshiped Amon Ra. He died in 1352 B.C. at the age of thirty nine.
His grandson and the son of Ikhnaton, was Tutankhaten, who later changed his name to Tutankhamen. He was only seven when he was crowned pharaoh of Egypt. When his father died the ‘Amon’ priests came back and used him to undo all that Ikhnaton had changed. He did not really know what he was doing and therefore did what he did. After, Tut ruled for a short time, dying shortly after, at age nineteen. He was buried in The Valley of The Kings.
Ikhnaton’s rein was relatively short, spanning twelve years, but it was successful. After establishing monotheism he introduced new art that focused mainly on nature. He was the second to last pharaoh in the eighteenth dynasty but his legacy lives on. He died in 1336 B.C. When he died, Amarna was abandoned and destroyed on order of the priests. His wife Nefertiti had mysteriously disappeared some years before, but in 1912 A.D. her bust was discovered by some archaeologists. Ikhnaton with her support did what probably no other king could do, he changed a country’s religion. That is not easy. Nefertiti helped him a lot but it was still very tough. If I could go into the past and see Ikhnaton I would definitely go to help him accomplish his extraordinary mission.