Henry David Thoreau (1817 – 1862) was an “author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor and historian.” He lived for two years by Walden Pond in a shack, alone. He studied Greek and Hindu culture and praised the Bhagavat-Gita—the great discourse narrated by Shri Krishna to the kyshtrya (warrior) Arjun. His autobiography is Walden.
Some of his philosophy and thought is a little bizarre. However, “Did Thoreau depend upon the division of labor during his stay at Walden Pond?” My answer would be no. He built his own cabin, and depended solely on himself for his entire stay at Walden Pond.