Compulsory state education began in the West during the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther wrote a letter to the German government in 1524 stating the following, “…If the government can compel such citizens as are fit for military service to bear spear and rifle…how much more has it a right to compel the people to send their children to school….” Subsequently, the first compulsory education system in the West was set up in 1559.
One stage of the Protestant Reformation was the English Reformation, which began with the famous Henry VIII. He was King of England during the fifteen-hundreds, that century of drastic change.
King Henry’s amusing ‘marry-go-round’ began when his wife, Catherine of Aragon, did not give him a male heir. Their only child was Mary Tudor, later to be known as Bloody Mary, Queen of England. Henry, having fallen in love with the beautiful Anne Boleyn and having married her secretly, strongly wanted to have his marriage with Catherine annulled. However, this annulment was strictly against Catholic law and the pope forbade it. Continue reading
John Calvin (1509 – 1564) was a French Protestant reformer, pastor and theologian. His main work is The Institutes of the Christian Religion. In this work, one of his main points is predestination.
Predestination is the belief that before we were created, God picked all the men that would go to heaven. Martin Luther, the man who began the Protestant Reform, taught this. However, Calvin took predestination one step further and said that God also picked all men that were to go to hell. This was, and still is, a very strong and hard-to-take part of Protestantism.