Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519) was the epitome of a Renaissance man, being skilled in at least ten occupations. Among these were architecture, sculpture, painting, science, engineering, botany and inventing. Ten works have survived that we can surely attribute to Leonardo. Three of these are the ‘Last Supper’, the ‘Virgin of the Rocks’ and the ‘Mona Lisa.’ Continue reading
Three of the most prominent early Renaissance artists were Ghiberti, Donatello and Botticelli.
Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378 – 1455) is most famous for his work of the twenty-eight bronze door panels on a baptistery in Florence. There was an annual competition in which seven artists competed to complete the work of art required. Ghiberti had fashioned the best, out of all seven bronze depictions of the ‘Sacrifice of Isaac.’ Ghiberti was then engaged to make twenty-eight bronze panels depicting scenes from the New and Old Testament. This took twenty years to complete.
Donatello (1386 – 1466) had been Ghiberti’s assistant in fashioning the twenty-eight bronze panels. However, he is best-known for his statue of David (1440’s), which has strangely feminine qualities. Continue reading
Petrarch, born Francesco Pertrarca, was a Renaissance humanist who lived from 1304 to 1374. He once said,
God has given us our vast intellectual and creative potential to be used to their fullest.
Petrarch is most popularly known as the Father of Humanism and he is sometimes mentioned as the Father of the Renaissance.
Petrarch loved the ancient classics and from an early age he studied and read Cicero, instead of his law books. He wanted to bring back the ancient manuscripts, some of which had fallen into obscurity. Petrarch found several unknown documents from writers such as Cicero, Homer, Virgil and Seneca in monasteries. Continue reading