Mandeville’s Influence

Bernard Mandeville was a Dutch writer and economist from the 18th century. His most famous work is the Grumbling Hive (1705) and his defense of that poem The Fable of the Bees (1714), which included the former work in it. Both of these poems are based on a bee hive that represents human society. It explains how Mandeville thinks society, particularly economics, should really be. His two most important ideas from these poems are namely that people are driven by selfishness and that there is a certain spontaneous order that comes to society. However, Mandeville’s poems were written terribly and they aren’t great examples of writing. So why did Mandeville come down in history as important?

The two main ideas from Mandeville’s works are spontaneous order and selfishness. Looking at the work of Adam Smith, a Scottish economist and philosopher, The Wealth of Nations, we find these two ideas as the base of Smith’s philosophy. Continue reading

The Source Of Rights

According to early classical liberal thinkers, such as John Locke and Frederic Bastiat,  our rights are given by God. The Declaration of Independence states the same:“…God given rights…to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness….”

Could the state be the giver of rights? One could say yes. However, although we have delegated some of our rights to the government, such as the right of settling disputes, nobody gave the government the right to give rights. Therefore, how can they give rights if they do not possess that power. God is the true giver of our rights.